Egyptian linen cover for the deceased Harpakhem, Late Period-Roman Period, 664 B.C. – 200 A.D.

This linen covering belongs to a set of nine bandages from the same mummy, which, thanks to the inscriptions on these bandages, has been identified as Harpakhem. The bandages come from the same sheet made of pure linen, which provides a robust but flexible texture. The inscriptions are made with a black ink that is well preserved since the scribe did not change his brush at any time, so the bandages did not suffer the corrosive effect of too thick ink. In the case of bandage number 2, it has its continuation in number 3, possibly because both were originally part of a single strip of cloth that could be separated into two pieces by accident or because it was more convenient for embalmers. It is therefore appropriate to analyse the translation of these fragments together. The inscription on both bands is a confusing and shortened version of chapter 160. This chapter contains a spell recited by the deceased on a papyrus-stemmed amulet around his neck, with which he may or may not have identified himself. It also makes direct mention of the name of the deceased, Harpakhem, and his mother, Taamun, as well as the city of Heliopolis. The scribe reached the end of the linen band and, with little space, introduced the name of the dead man and his mother in very short calligraphy, and even had to add a small extra line to complete the text. The spell in chapter 160 goes like this: "Here you have a wadj talisman carved in an emerald. It protects against all attacks of Evil. Thoth gives them to those who worship him, who keep away everything that does not please the gods. I prosper if the talisman prospers; if it is not attained I am not attained; if it is unusable I will be also. Here is Thoth speaking. His words give protection to my spine. "Behold, thou comest in peace, O Lord of Heliopolis and Pe! Shu is on his way to thee; he finds thee in Shenmoh; nshem is thy name. Thou dwellest in the strength of the mighty God... Verily, thy members shall not be hurt, for they are protected by the same Tum..."


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