Greek Apulian polychrome terracotta phiale, 4th century B.C.

DESCRIPTION
This phiale is a dish with round and shallow handles that served to make l ibations of milk, honey or wine in honor of the gods.The Ancient Greeks were great producers of ceramics, highlighting among them the most exquisite typologies used for festivities and banquets. In this case, it is a ceramic of red figures, a style that was developed in Athens around 530 BC and represented a break with the previous technique of black figures: instead of painting the black figure on a red background, the process was reversed and the background was painted black, leaving the figure's silhouette in red. In addition, details were painted on the figure with a thin black line. The archaic Greek period runs from 600 to 480 BC and corresponds to the formative stage that will lay the foundations for classical Greece. A new culture is developed whose order and influences are located in the active trade with the Mediterranean, incorporating thematic repertoires of the cultures with which they begin to establish contact. In addition, the consolidation of the settlements will be accompanied by the renovation of temples and public spaces, encouraging artistic activity to carry out the decoration of these establishments.  


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