Greek-Apulian decorated terracotta kylix, 400-300 B.C.

This Greek kylix from Apulia has a slightly concave base with two side handles and a pedestal foot. The bowl is made of red ceramic decorated with circular bands in shades of red and brown, and has floral motifs on the back. A Kylix was a type of container, similar to a cup or chalice, with two handles to hold it with both hands. Normally these containers were intended for Greek festivities, so they were used for drinking wine. The decoration of these pieces is usually idle, as they could be appreciated when drinking. From 323 B.C., with the death of Alexander the Great, the so-called Hellenistic period began in Greece, which would dominate the entire third century B.C. It is a period where theatricality predominates, so there will be a great development of art to impact. Therefore, the Hellenistic art is characterized by the search of perfect anatomies, rich qualities, dynamism and lights and shades.


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