Mesopotamian terracotta mask, 2000 B.C.

It is a male head in profile, possessing the strength and expression of Mesopotamian culture, probably coming from a relief. These cultures, which were establishing themselves in different territories, made small pieces that they could transport with them. The Mesopotamian relief maintains the hieratic representation and similar profile to Egyptian art. There is no realistic depth in the scene, they only repeat the image of arms or legs to achieve it. They are linear figures with a marked contour and that do not seek reality but the idealization of the character. The political evolution of the second millennium B.C. is characterized by the construction of new more stable territorial empires. The Sumerian-Acadian symbiosis was profitable for the Mesopotamians, who consolidated their power in front of their neighbours and developed several transformations. The historical focus was shifted to the North and East, where the new centres of power were configured around strategic cities such as Babylon, Assur or Thebes. The Babylonian Empire is consolidated, giving rise to a strong power after the defragmentation of Mesopotamia into small kingdoms.


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