Phoenician terracotta jug, 8th century B.C.

This terracotta jar has a globular body with a small handle and a neck also of small dimensions. These jugs were used to take the wine out of the craters, where it had been watered down before being served. The Phoenicians taught the Greeks the knowledge of wine production and not only traded with wine produced in Canaan, but also developed markets for wines produced in colonies and ports throughout the Mediterranean. The Phoenician civilization is chronologically situated between 1200 and 330 B.C., located in the narrow strip of the Mediterranean between Syria and Palestine. The Phoenicians maintained contacts with all the states and empires in their territorial environment, which is why it was a coveted place as a strategic and commercial enclave. Furthermore, its geographical position meant that it had an important maritime vocation.


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