Phoenician terracotta jug with handle decorated with an animal head, 8th century B.C.

DESCRIPTION
This stylized jug is a very refined piece of terracotta painted in red with a long ribbed neck at its base and three decorative protrusions. It has an elongated handle, very beautifully decorated on top with a horse head probably representing the Hippocampus, a mythological Phoenician animal with the upper half in the shape of a winged horse body and the lower half in the form of a fish tail. These jugs were used to take the wine out of the craters, where it had been watered down before being served. The Phoenicians taught the Greeks the knowledge of wine production and not only traded with wine produced in Canaan, but also developed markets for wines produced in colonies and ports throughout the Mediterranean. The Phoenician civilization is chronologically situated between 1200 and 330 BC, located in the narrow strip of the Mediterranean between Syria and Palestine. The Phoenicians maintained contacts with all the states and empires in their territorial environment, which is why it was a coveted place as a strategic and commercial enclave. In addition, its geographical position meant that it had an important maritime vocation.


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