Assyrian terracotta cuneiform brick dedicated to the king Shalmaneser III, Mesopotamia, 858-824 B.C.

The Mesopotamian blocks are some of the best archaeological evidence we have found in relation to Mesopotamia. The writing was for the population a discovery of the gods, so it was considered sacred. The need of the peoples to regulate their lives, to leave a record of their findings and constructions is what propitiates the beginning of the writing. The blocks, in a similar way to what happened with the tablets, were used in the constructions of the great buildings, walls and cities. This type of writing is called acadian, a type of cuneiform writing, made in the shape of a wedge, is recognized as one of the oldest forms of writing. There is no doubt that these bricks or blocks provide us with the necessary information to appreciate how they lived, how they were organised administratively, and even a material as simple as clay can show us their feelings and thoughts. This brick contains an inscription dedicated to the Assyrian King Shalmaneser II, son and successor of Assur-Nasirpal II. With Shalmaneser III, a period of splendor took place thanks to the increase of economic gains and the expansion towards the Mediterranean.


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