Assyrian terracotta figure representing a governor, 1800 B.C.

Model of an Assyrian-Mesopotamian throne made of terracotta, with an intimately chosen and precisely executed ornamentation.  On this throne we see a high official sitting in the position of a ruler, dressed in his best clothes, even with a ceremonial cap. These small terracotta idols are designed to be carried comfortably with the person. Ancient cultures used idols to help them survive, to achieve their goals, to finally protect them. The political evolution of the second millennium B.C. is characterized by the construction of new and more stable territorial empires. The Sumerian-Acadian symbiosis was beneficial for the Mesopotamians, who consolidated their power in front of their neighbours and developed several transformations. The historical focus was shifted to the North and East, where the new centres of power were configured around strategic cities such as Babylon, Assur or Thebes. The Babylonian Empire is consolidated, giving rise to a strong power after the defragmentation of Mesopotamia into small kingdoms.


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