Attic lekythos of black-figure pottery decorated with a combat scene, 500 B.C.

A lekythos is a jug with a single wide handle and a narrow neck combined with a wide mouth, which allowed it to control the amount of oil. It was used to contain oils and is generally associated with funeral rituals, as the body has been found with several lekythos in various burials. They are also intimately associated with purification rituals and feminine hygiene sessions, as they were part of the everyday furniture. This lekythos is a clear case of creation for ritual and funerary use, since due to its ornamentation it would not be available in one for domestic use. It depicts a scene of struggle between armed men and a sequence of animals.


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