Babylonian terracotta brick dedicated to the king Nebuchadnezzar II, 586 B.C.

This tablet made with cuneiform writing tells the exploits of the king of Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar II. It is a copy of the time made from the original tablet as it was mandatory to carry out reproductions of those documents that had a particular relevance. It has been made from the original mould, as can be seen from the framing of the piece itself on the clay. This last block, moreover, judging by the cut of the tablet itself, must have been part of a larger grid in which other copies would have been made. The inscription has not yet been deciphered, although it most probably narrates a historical event that extols the feats that the Chaldean king himself brought to the most important city in all of Mesopotamia. The cuneiform tablets constitute one of the most important documents from the historical and archaeological point of view, since thanks to them we can understand the ways of life and thought of the first civilizations. King Nebuchadnezzar II reigned between 605 and 562 B.C., giving rise to the most prosperous period in Babylon thanks to the great territorial expansion and the constructive activity developed during his reign. During this period of time, constructions such as the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were promoted. The first millennium BC was a turbulent period for all the peoples of the Mesopotamian region, being the time when the kingdom of Babylon regained its splendor under the rule of Nebuchadnezzar I and later with Nebuchadnezzar II. With these rulers, Babylon established itself as an important power in the Near East, even posing a threat to Egypt itself. The political and territorial renaissance would translate into commercial and artistic splendour, which explains the abundance of archaeological material.


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