Canaanite alabaster jar, Medium Bronze, 1850-1550 B.C.

This jar made of alabaster shows the relationship between the Canaanite people and the ancient Egyptians as it is a material used in ancient Egypt, and of high quality, especially for the funeral trousseau. In fact, it contrasts with the material commonly used by the Canaanites, terracotta, with which they made their containers. Surely, used as a funerary trousseau or as part of a set of ritual vessels, because of its depth it could have contained wine, oil or ointments of high quality, which were available in this type of material since alabaster is fresher than terracotta. The territory of Canaan was since 4000 B.C. the connection between East and West. It was inhabited by very diverse peoples, such as Amorites, Jebusites, Hyksos, Philistines, Phoenicians, Arameans and Hebrews, who finally conquered the territory. From settlements like Jericho, Ugarit, Tyre or Damascus, the Canaanites were dedicated to trade with the neighboring lands of Mesopotamia or Egypt. More than one thousand two hundred kilometers could be crossed on foot by the Canaanite clans to reach their destinations. The routes ran from Mesopotamia to Egypt, where family groups loaded with goods for exchange would travel. Throughout this period the typical city-states of the Near East began to crystallize in Palestine. All this will be direct consequences to ensure an improvement in the social organization and citizenship, carrying out the creation of a kind of city-states and houses made on the basis of a standard model, as the main natural usufructs of this gradual development.


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