Canaanite terracotta amphora for wine storage, Medium Bronze, 1850-1500 B.C.

The territory of Canaan was from 4000 BC the connection between East and West. It was inhabited by very diverse peoples, such as Amorites, Jebusites, Hyksos, Philistines, Phoenicians, Arameans and Hebrews, who eventually conquered the territory. From settlements like Jericho, Ugarit, Tyre or Damascus, the Canaanites were dedicated to trade with the neighboring lands of Mesopotamia or Egypt. More than one thousand two hundred kilometers could be crossed on foot by the Canaanite clans to reach their destinations. The routes ran from Mesopotamia to Egypt, where family groups loaded with goods for exchange would travel. Amphorae are ceramic fusiform containers with two handles and a narrow neck generally, although in some cultures they have been developed in metal or other materials. They are usually finished with a point or even a long protruding tip that was used to nail them to the ground and keep them stable. Normally they could contain a minimum of 25 to 30 litres, their shape being variable depending on whether they carried wine, oil, salting, cereals or other food.


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