Egyptian marble canopic jar of Qebehsenuef head, New Kingdom, 1550-1070 B.C.

The ancient Egyptians believed in eternal life, and death was regarded as the beginning of a new existence. The belief that the souls of the dead returned to the body created a series of customs and rituals to preserve it. The process began after death in an embalming house where the mummification process took place. The body was cleaned and the internal organs were extracted and preserved so that they could be buried with the deceased. The body was then dried with natron, a process in which the organs were also dried. When the body was finally dry and the preserved organs were cleaned and bandaged, ointments were applied and magical rituals were performed. We find the canopic vessels with representations of the four sons of the god Horus, who were protectors of the different parts of the mummified body of the deceased. This lid belonged to a Qebehsenuef canopic vase, which would be to contain the intestines.


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