Egyptian “Udjat” granite amulet, New Kingdom, 18th-20th Dinasty, 1500-330 B.C.

This small amulet made of granite represents the "udyat", known as the Eye of Horus, the most powerful protective amulet that accompanied the Egyptians as a symbol of health and prosperity. Its form is that of an eye partly human and partly halcon. It consists of a transverse hole that would be used to introduce a cord and thus be able to take it like a protective necklace. The story of this symbol is linked to Egyptian mythology according to which Horus lost his eye fighting his uncle Seth in the struggle to regain the throne of Egypt. However, the god of science and magic, Thoth, found the eye pieces and recomposed them so that Horus could offer them to Osiris to eat and he could resurrect. The amulets were used in ancient Egypt not only to protect the living from diseases and curses, but also were placed on the dead to protect them from evil spirits.  


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