Egyptian limestone stele with worship scene, Kingdom of Meroe, 3rd-1st century B.C.

This Egyptian stele made of limestone is divided into three horizontal registers made with the high relief technique. It can be seen how the inhabitants of Meroe tried to copy the Egyptians as the stele has many lines of correction. The lower register presents a banded decoration based on horizontal lines incised in the stone. In the intermediate register a narrative scene can be observed with the presence of three figures: a scene of worship of two gods, to a central figure. On the right is represented the goddess Anukis, the Egyptian goddess of water linked to the Nile and the Aswan Falls, and therefore linked to the fertility brought by water. She is represented as a woman with a high crown or a high cylindrical feathered headdress, as in this stele. She wears a girded dress with much decoration and is sometimes represented with a gazelle head as this is the animal she is related to. At the other end of the stele is the goddess Hat-hor, whose name means "The House of Horus". She is considered the goddess of the sky and, in association with the god Ra (sun), is situated at the top of the pantheon of Egyptian deities. It is a deity that dates back to the Ancient Empire and that from an early date was represented as a woman with a cow's head. This goddess sometimes takes on the role of the mother of Harpokrates, that is, Horus the Younger, which is why she is depicted in this stele alongside him. Harpokrates appears sitting on the legs of the goddess Hat-hor. The child is touched with the double crown, ie the combination of the crown of Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt accompanied by the ureus or royal cobra. The child presents his hand raised in an attitude of receiving the offerings that the goddess Hat-hor is offering him. These characters are located in a space delimited by a kiosk formed by columns supporting an architrave and a frieze. The architrave is decorated in its central part with a large winged solar disk accompanied by two ureus. Above it, there is a frieze decorated with a multitude of solar discs with smaller ureus. Finally, the third record of the stele is the most deteriorated part because of the displacement of the stone.


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