Limestone fragment of funerary stele representing the deceased, Yemen, 2nd-1st century B.C.

The mythical Kingdom of Sheba is known by its mentions in the Koran and the Bible, thanks to the character of the Queen of Sheba, called Makeda, although various names have been assigned to her person. The story by which the Kingdom of Sheba is known is that in which the queen, dazzled by the news that came to her of the wisdom of King Solomon, comes to Israel to visit him with gifts of spices and gold. There are different accounts of this mythical episode, some even speak of a carnal union between the two that could bear fruit to Menelik, the king of Ethiopia who would take from Israel the Ark of the Covenant. Funerary stelae referring to the Kingdom of Sheba are common. They are usually rectangular stelae in which the deceased is ideally represented, although it is not a portrait, but rather an assimilation of the human being. These stelae, currently located geographically in Yemen, usually feature a simplified, geometric face, in addition to having the name of the deceased written in Sabea, their language.


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