Greek marble sculpture of the head of goddess Demeter, 4th century B.C

This head sculpted in marble is the representation of the goddess Demeter, daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She is the protective goddess of the crops, the regeneration of the fields and the fertility of the plantations. She is one of the most important goddesses of the Hélade and was worshipped in many Greek towns. The cult of Demeter developed especially in the city of Eleusis, located west of Athens, since, according to the myth, Demeter had stopped in that city to rest while she went in search of her daughter Persephone. It would have been then that the goddess would have commissioned a temple and an altar in her honor and even given the instructions for the ritual to worship her. On an artistic level, she has a sweet carving that presents an idealized beauty with features treated in a very subtle way. The hairstyle presented by the woman is especially noteworthy, accompanied by the veil that falls on her head and characterizes the representations of this goddess. Throughout the 4th century BC, Athens remained the centre of Greek intellectual life, despite the loss of its political power. On the artistic level, it is a stage that moves from idealized harmony and beauty to expressionism and realism with theatricality.


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