Mesopotamian sculpture of Mother Goddess in terracotta, Tell Halaf culture, IV millennium B.C.

Much of the knowledge of this culture is known through the Tell Halaf site, corresponding to the current northeast part of Syria. Remains have been found that show a preference for decorative art, based on naturalism and geometry, as well as for the representation of the mother goddess. An example of a representation of mother goddesses from the Tell Halaf site, where a large number of such figures were found. These are images that refer to fertility in general, based on an aesthetic conception of a corpulent woman with prominent breasts and large volumes, resulting in a steatopygy figure. They are very common during Prehistory, and more specifically during the Upper Palaeolithic and Neolithic, although they will also be carried out throughout ancient, middle and even modern history. This very well preserved figure appears sitting with her hands on her knees and decorated with reddish-brown dots and lines denoting the primitive process by which they faced motherhood. Many specialists think that their intention was to represent goddesses, while others point out that it worked as a talisman, to, for example, promise a good birth to women. In ancient cultures, motherhood was the object of petition and prayer, which is why votive figures were made in which women implored productive motherhood.


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