Mesopotamian terracotta tablet representing the god “Emesh” on an ox, 2nd millenium B.C.

This terracotta tablet shows a character dressed in the Mesopotamian style, on a beef. The man carries a stick in one hand and in the other a hook or rope to the animal's muzzle, making it one of the first testimonies to the domestication of animals. This character can be a representation of the Sumerian god Emesh, the god in charge of propagating the cattle and plowing the fields using the oxen. He was also known as the god of Summer, compared to his brother Enten, the god of Winter. Mesopotamia, the cradle of civilization, one of the cultures that marks the beginning of society, cities, administration and sedentary settlements. With the settlements also came the need to improve crops and domesticate livestock. This piece gives us the charm of everyday life, something difficult to find in ancient civilizations. Many of the archaeological remains that have come down to us belong to the funeral trousseaux and reflect the most select aspects of society and its customs.


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