Phoenician burnished terracotta jug, 1000-800 B.C.

This Phoenician jar has a globular body and a high, wide-rimmed neck. From the base of its conical, high and stylized neck comes a long handle that reaches the mouth of the container. It is made of reddish polished terracotta, which gives it a soft and homogeneous touch. This type of container could be used to hold both ointments and perfumes as well as oils and wine, these products being the basis of the Phoenicians' trade. The Phoenician civilization is chronologically situated between 1200 and 330 B.C., located in the narrow strip of the Mediterranean between Syria and Palestine. The Phoenicians maintained contacts with all the states and empires in their territorial environment, which is why it was a coveted place as a strategic and commercial enclave. Furthermore, its geographical position meant that it had an important maritime vocation.


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