Phoenician gold scarab ring, 6th-5th century B.C.

The Phoenician civilization is chronologically located between 1200 and 330 B.C., located in the narrow strip of the Mediterranean between Syria and Palestine. The Phoenicians maintained contacts with all the states and empires in their territorial environment, which is why it was a coveted place as a strategic and commercial enclave. Furthermore, its geographical position meant that it had an important maritime vocation. The beetle is an example of the importance that this insect take part in the beliefs of Mediterranean people. Represented in thousands of objetcts and stelae, they are also assumed by the Phoenicians, generally known as scarabeos or simply stamps. They have been found carved, as amulets or on stamps, or marked egyptian influence on rings, gemstones in semi-precious stones in their settlements and burials. Other golden beetles have been found since very ancient times, wich demostrate the veneration for this insect as an amulet en Phoenicia.


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