Phoenician terracotta amphora, 1200-1000 B.C.

This Phoenician terracotta jug, mushroom mouth type, with an exvasate rim, decorated with dark-coloured motifs. It has an oval body with a low base. Its high, pronounced neck has a cylindrical shape with a division at the bottom from which a single small circular handle starts. The figurative and geometric decoration is located on the body of the jug. The mushroom-mouth jug is undoubtedly one of the most characteristic vessels of Phoenician ceramics. It was called this because of the flat, widened shape of the edge. The Phoenicians were a people with a prosperous wine trade, supplying the Egyptian empire for several centuries. The Phoenician civilization is chronologically situated between 1200 and 330 B.C., located in the narrow strip of the Mediterranean between Syria and Palestine. The Phoenicians maintained contacts with all the states and empires in their territorial environment, which is why it was a coveted place as a strategic and commercial enclave. Furthermore, its geographical position meant that it had an important maritime vocation.


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