Pre-Dynastic Egyptian alabaster ceremonial mace-head, 3000 B.C.

This pear-shaped or disc-shaped mace head could be classified as an offensive weapon but, on many occasions, it was also a votive or ceremonial object. Because of this ceremonial character, they engraved on its surface events related to the domination that the king exercised against the enemy as a method of symbolizing the containment of disorder. It was such a prized piece that the tribal chiefs used it as a scepter. In fact, when the first Pharaoh united the tribes and consolidated Lower and Upper Egypt, the chieftains promised their loyalty by handing over their maces. The historical period known as the time of Naqada I and Naqada II (approx. 3900-3400 B.C.) corresponds to a pre-dynastic phase of Ancient Egypt, a historical moment from which palettes, maces and commemorative elements have been found that allude to the moments of unification of Egypt and to certain rituals and festivities that were later important in Egyptian historical times.


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