Roman bronze cista foot in the form of Silenus, 100-300 A.D.

The cista is one of the most widespread and long-lasting types of burial. It is formed from a parallelepiped built with slabs of stone, brick, "tegula" or mampuesto. The funerary receptacle is made by covering a parallelepipedal grave, excavated in the rock or in the earth, with a variable number of slabs of shallowly worked stones that, once the corpse is deposited, are covered with other pieces resting horizontally on the vertical ones. This foot of cista has the form of Sileno. In Greek mythology, Silenus was the adoptive father, preceptor and loyal companion of Dionysus, the god of wine, at the same time as he was described as the oldest, wisest and drunkest of his followers (aunt). He was a satyr, and a lesser god of drunkenness; Silenus is known for his excesses with alcohol, for his love of wine was his passion, so he used to be drunk and had to be held by other satyrs or carried on a donkey; it was said that when he was drunk Silenus possessed a special wisdom and the gift of prophecy.


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