Roman green glass amphora, 300 A.D.

This greenish coloured vessel has one of these unique specimens due to its globular body shape with a cylindrical scolled neck, rounded mouth and circular base. It has four handles of a darker colour than the body, with a sinuous shape that joins the body to the mouth. With a versatility like no other material known in Roman times, the abundant availability, lightness and ease of use of glass, allowed the imitation of a wide range of other materials, especially precious metals. On the other hand, the ancients certainly knew that glass is a chemically neutral substance, which makes it particularly suitable for the storage of cosmetics or pharmaceuticals, as well as food and liquids. The period of time between the third and fifth centuries is known as the end of Lower Imperial Rome, a moment that corresponds to the mandate of Diocletian with which the decline of the Empire began. When Rome seems to have reached its peak, the Hellenistic tradition begins to decline. There is a deterioration of the institutions, a fall in the economy and constant attacks by the barbarian peoples, facts that will be reflected in the art.


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