Roman marble Hekateion, 2nd century A.D.

Hecate is a Greek goddess, patron saint of the wilderness and protector of childbirth. She is a goddess of uncertain cult but venerated in many areas of classical Greece, she is considered daughter of Zeus. In its beginnings it was not represented triple, although soon it begins to welcome this iconography in which is usually represented with a torch, a key or a snake, some of its attributes. The three parts of Hecate are assimilated to its triformity, related to the moon, hell and the sea. It is also related to the darkness of the night and the moon, and it is usually depicted dressed with a peplo and the hair up. The first and second centuries A.D. belong to the period known as High Imperial Rome, that is, the time of splendor of the Roman Empire. It is a flourishing period thanks to the arrival in power of Augustus, who brought about powerful changes in the Empire that had an impact on Roman art. During this period, the aesthetics of sculpture came from the Hellenistic world and, with respect to typologies, historical relief and portraits predominated, which sought to promote the most important characters or events.  


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