Roman-Herodian terracotta oil lamp with four nozzles, 100 AD

This Herodian oil lamp is a rare specimen because of its four-nozzle shape, unlike common single-nozzle Herodian skylights. In addition, it has a projection with a hole that would allow it to be hung and kept suspended to light rooms. Many theories point out that besides being used on a daily basis in houses, they could also be used in funeral rituals. Among the materials used as fuel the most common was olive oil, although mixtures of fish oil with the animal's entrails, oil with crushed nuts and even other types of oils such as castor oil were used. While dried vegetable fibres or wicks made from animal hair were used as wicks. The first and second centuries A.D. belong to the period known as High Imperial Rome, that is, the time of splendour of the Roman Empire. It was a flourishing period thanks to the arrival of Augustus, who brought about powerful changes in the Empire that had an impact on Roman art. During this period, the aesthetics of sculpture came from the Hellenistic world and, with respect to typologies, historical relief and portraits predominated, which sought to promote the most important characters or events.


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