Roman marble female head, 100-300 A.D.

The first and second centuries A.D. belong to the period known as High Imperial Rome, that is, the time of splendor of the Roman Empire. It is a flourishing period thanks to the arrival to power of Augustus, who drives strong changes in the Empire that have an impact on Roman art. During this period, the aesthetics of sculpture came from the Hellenistic world and, with respect to typologies, historical relief and portraits predominated, which sought to promote the most important characters or events. This head made of marble is the representation of a female face, with an oval face and sweet features. The wavy hair is divided on both sides and collected in a hair bun at the back, being the typical Roman hairstyle of the High Imperial period. The tendencies of the portraits were adopted by the Romans from the Greek tradition. Among the portraits, the most frequent forms are the head and the bust. Emperors used portraits for their political programmes and to demonstrate power while, in the private sphere, portraits served their purpose in a funerary context. Busts with descriptions decorated the altars and tombs of the deceased.


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