Roman marble head of a satyr, 100 A.D.

This Roman head is a representation of a satyr. The representation of the face belongs to a young man with strong features and slightly separated lips showing his teeth, possibly as a representation of a mocking attitude. He has abundant curly hair on which is placed a crown of superimposed ivy leaves, joined at the back by a strap. The Roman satyr was like a goat from the waist down, with the trunk and head of a man complete with horns. In classical mythology, Silenus was the head of the satyrs, who were rebellious but cowardly creatures, undisciplined followers of the "god Bacchus of wine and joy" dancing and playing the pipes while enjoying the grape harvest. Due to the historical stage in which it is located, the representation of this type of characters is not strange since there were abundant images of this type of mythological characters. The first and second centuries A.D. belong to the period known as High Imperial Rome, that is, the era of splendour of the Roman Empire. It is a flourishing period thanks to the arrival to power of Augustus, who promoted powerful changes in the Empire that had an impact on Roman art. During this period, the aesthetics of sculpture came from the Hellenistic world and, with respect to typologies, historical relief and portraits predominated, which sought to promote the most important characters or events.


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