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Sumerian clay brick fragment dedicated to Hammurabi, 1756-1750 B.C.

DESCRIPTION
This piece is a Sumerian brick made of clay that has an inscription in its central part made with cuneiform writing. This type of brick was used for Sumerian constructions and the inscription was intended to commemorate the figure of a king or to recall some important feat. Specifically, this inscription includes the following sentence: "Hammurabi-andoul, governor d'Eshnounna". Hammurabi was the first king of the Babylonian Empire, whose reign lasted from 1792 to 1750 BC. He expanded his reign throughout Mesopotamia in search of fertile land and established the Akkadian language as the official language. Hammurabi is especially recognized by the Code of Hammurabi, a compendium of laws made by cuneiform writing on a stone stele. It contains laws that deal with issues related to work, loans, income, etc. One of the main novelties of this code is the incorporation of the principle of presumption of innocence, giving the opportunity to present evidence.


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