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The political evolution of the second millennium B.C. is characterized by the construction of new, more stable territorial empires. The Sumerian-Acadian symbiosis was beneficial for the Mesopotamians, who consolidated their power against their neighbours and developed several transformations. The historical focus was shifted to the North and East, where the new centres of power were configured around strategic cities such as Babylon, Assur or Thebes. The Babylonian Empire is consolidated, giving rise to a strong power after the defragmentation of Mesopotamia into small kingdoms.
Depiction of a standing man holding a goose in his right hand. Plaques of this type were produced from moulds and represent an art form available to a wide audience. They have been excavated from temples and shrines in private homes. Their subjects vary widely, including religious images, mythological and erotic scenes, and depictions of rulers and gods.