Ancient Roman Terracotta oil lamp, Circa 2nd-6th Century AD
Loeschcke lucerne type VIII with rosette. Characterised by a circular body and a short, rounded mouthpiece, the Loeschcke type VIII, the earliest examples of which date from the time of Claudius, experienced a tremendous flowering at the end of the 1st century AD and for the next two centuries. It continued to exist on a smaller scale during the 4th century and occasionally in the 5th century.
Oil lamps, also called candles or lanterns, are used by various ancient civilisations, from prehistoric times, through the ancient Egyptians to the present day. The lantern is a container filled with oil from which a wick is placed on a projection that is lit, bringing light into the home. Many theories suggest that as well as being used daily in the home, they could also be used in funeral rituals.