Assyrian Stone lidded jar, circa 2000 BC

Material:  Alabaster
Conservation:  Chips at rim and lid
Material:  stone
Dimensions:  10,5 x 11 cm
Provenance:  Archaeological Gallery, Israel, 2014. Export authorization from the Israel Antiquities Authority No. 526597 with date 21/08/2014 / This piece is accompanied by an export certificate from the Spanish Ministry of Culture No. 2020/00503 with date 14/02/2020 and certificate of authenticity.
Exhibited:  Feriarte, IFEMA (Madrid, 16-24 November 2019)
Ref m6074 Category Tag

This jar would surely have been intended to contain incense or ointments, because of its small size and its very detailed carving. These small-sized stone objects are intended to be carried comfortably with the person.

The political evolution of the second millennium B.C. is characterized by the construction of new, more stable territorial empires. The Sumerian-Acadian symbiosis was beneficial for the Mesopotamians, who consolidated their power in relation to their neighbours and developed various transformations. The historical focus was shifted to the North and East, where the new centres of power were configured around strategic cities such as Babylon, Assur or Thebes. The Babylonian Empire is consolidated, giving rise to a strong power after the defragmentation of Mesopotamia into small kingdoms.

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