Canaanite terracotta funnel, Middle Bronze, 1850-1550 B.C.

Material:  Terracotta
Conservation:  Good condition
Material:  Terracotta
Dimensions:  35 x 35 cm
Provenance:  Archaeological Gallery, Israel, 2014. Export authorization from the Israel Antiquities Authority No. 526597 with date 21/08/2014 / This piece is accompanied by an export certificate from the Spanish Ministry of Culture No. 2020/01830 with date 13/03/2020 and certificate of authenticity.
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This large terracotta funnel would not serve for straining as its hole is completely hollow and wide, but because of its large capacity it would help to introduce the wine into the large jars, especially those with a narrow mouth. It was common, in a wine producing society, to make utensils for the production and distribution of wine.

This type of ceramics was usually made on a lathe, with manual finishing. The pottery of the Canaanite period is one of the most important archaeological evidence, because in a period of constant social and daily development, of which we do not preserve many remains, pottery marks a frank evolution.

The territory of Canaan was, since 4000 B.C., the connection between East and West. It was inhabited by very diverse peoples, such as Amorites, Jebusites, Hyksos, Philistines, Phoenicians, Arameans and Hebrews, who finally conquered the territory. From settlements like Jericho, Ugarit, Tyre or Damascus, the Canaanites were dedicated to trade with the neighboring lands of Mesopotamia or Egypt. More than one thousand two hundred kilometers could be crossed on foot by the Canaanite clans to reach their destinations. The routes ran from Mesopotamia to Egypt, where family groups loaded with goods for exchange would travel.

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