Egyptian Limestone Duamutef canopic jar, Late Period, 664-332 BC

Material:  Limestone
Conservation:  A crack in one of the ears; missing a piece of the ear; worn-out muzzle.
Material:  Limestone
Dimensions:  37 cm
Provenance:  Archaeological Gallery, Spain, 2017 / This piece is accompanied by an export certificate from the Spanish Ministry of Culture No. 2020/03012 with date 18/05/2020 and certificate of authenticity.
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It is a canopic jar made of alabaster whose lid represents the head of Duamtef, the jackal. The canopic jars were the containers that were placed in the tomb and were used to contain the entrails of the deceased when he was mummified. It was a set of four vessels whose lids represented the four sons of Horus: Kebeshenuef (falcon) for the intestines; Hapi (baboon) for the lungs; Amset (woman) for the liver; and Duamutef (jackal) for the stomach.

The ancient Egyptians believed in eternal life and death was considered the beginning of a new existence. The belief that the souls of the dead returned to the body led to the creation of a series of customs and rituals to preserve the body.  The process began after death with embalming where the process of mummification took place. The body was cleaned and the internal organs were removed and preserved for burial with the deceased.

The body was then dried with natron, a process in which the organs were also dried. When the body was finally dry and the organs preserved, they were cleaned and bandaged, applying ointments and performing magic rituals.

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