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Egyptian faience overseer ushabti of the High Priest "Ramses Night", New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty, 1189-1077 B.C.

Conservation:  Small hole on the back, surface rubbed in places
Material:  Faience
Dimensions:  12,8 cm
Provenance:  Ex collection K.R., Rhineland-Palatinate. In Germany since before 1992. With invoice by Roswitha Eberwein, Göttingen, 1992; Auction, December 2022, Munich (Germany).


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Wearing three-piece wig and kilt, arms folded in front of chest. The ushebti wears a “wesekh” collar on the chest, the hoe and seed basket are missing. The vertical hieroglyphic inscription names “Rameses Night.” Ramesesnacht was an ancient Egyptian high priest of Amun under Rameses IV to Rameses IX. He was the son of the chief administrator Meribastet I and successor of Usermaatrenacht, who may have been the brother of Ramesesnacht.

The New Kingdom marks a period of high quality shabtis. Especially during the 18th and 19th Dynasties, the quality of the forms and details are sometimes superior. Necklaces (usekh/wesekh) appear for the first time, and we see shabtis in everyday clothes and magnificent wigs, affectionately embracing beautifully stylised Ba birds.

In the course of the New Kingdom, the role of shabtis as workers for the deceased becomes more important, and by the end of this period a large number of shabtis, including overseers, are buried together.

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