Egyptian faience ushabti for Neferrenpet, New Empire, 19th dinasty, Ramses the 2nd Kingdom, 1279-1213 B.C.

Material:  Faience
Conservation:  Intact.
Material:  Faience
Dimensions:  14,2 cm
Provenance:  Collection Dr. L. Benguerel Godó, Barcelona, adquired in London in 1960s / Archaeological Gallery, Spain, 2015/ This piece is accompanied by an export certificate from the Spanish Ministry of Culture No. 2020/00825 with date 14/02/2020 and certificate of authenticity.
Ref jba122 Category Tag

This is one of the examples of ushebtis, within the normalization of the New Empire, more chosen, its beautiful white color, made in fayenza, makes it much more select. Neferrenpet was chaty, a high position that could be associated with a mayor, responsible for the administration and government of Upper Egypt, in addition to being a priest of the temple of Ptah. In his inscription shows us a basic but great prayer of the Book of the Dead: “May the Osiris Sem of Ptah, Neferrenpet, just voice be illuminated. The ushebtis were modeled on an original bivalve. Then the burr was removed from the joint, and when the paste was still wet, the details of the image were retouched and distributed the records on which were recorded the signs of writing. This makes each ushebti unique, even when using the same mould. The ushebtis, an Egyptian term meaning “those who respond”, were figures representing the deceased himself; they appeared in the Middle Empire and their use became popular during the New Empire, they were part of the funerary trousseau. On his body was placed Chapter VI of the Book of the Dead, referring to these figures, or a very simple version with the name and titles of the deceased. Their use allowed the owner to enjoy the Afterlife and the ushebti acted as a worker, substituting their owner in the work of the fields Aaru, the Egyptian paradise, since the Egyptians thought that the spirits of these figures would work for them in the afterlife and thus obtain their sustenance. The ushebtis placed in the trousseau were 365 figurines, one for each day of the year. In addition, 36 foremen could be added, who commanded each of the groups composed of 10 workers, to avoid possible revolts. These figures could be arranged in a wooden box intended for this purpose, or in many cases placed in a group near the sarcophagus. In the Late Period these figurines were mass-produced, increasing their number and use in the tombs of that period.

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