Israeli terracotta crater with fifteen handles, 900 B.C.

Material:  Terracotta
Conservation:  Good condition
Material:  Terracotta
Dimensions:  31 x 40 cm
Provenance:  Archaeological Gallery, Israel, 2014. Export authorization from the Israel Antiquities Authority No. 526597 with date 21/08/2014 / This piece is accompanied by an export certificate from the Spanish Ministry of Culture No. 2020/01826 with date 13/03/2020 and certificate of authenticity.
On request
Ref m6085 Category Tag

These terracotta craters were not usually over-decorated as they were a container for daily use, but this one has a very careful ornamentation made by the handles that surround the piece in a circular way.

These craters were used as wine containers, normally lowered with water or pure before lowering it. They were not used for storage as their large mouth meant that they were not well protected, making them a commonly used container.

The territory of Canaan was since 4000 B.C. the connection between East and West. It was inhabited by very diverse peoples, such as Amorites, Jebusites, Hyksos, Philistines, Phoenicians, Arameans and Hebrews, who finally conquered the territory. From settlements like Jericho, Ugarit, Tyre or Damascus, the Canaanites were dedicated to trade with the neighboring lands of Mesopotamia or Egypt. More than one thousand two hundred kilometers could be crossed on foot by the Canaanite clans to reach their destinations. The routes ran from Mesopotamia to Egypt, where family groups loaded with goods for exchange would travel.

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