Israelite terracotta jug with two small handles, Iron Age, 1000 B.C.

Material:  Terracotta
Conservation:  Good condition
Material:  Terracotta
Dimensions:  12,5 cm
Provenance:  Private collection, Israel, 2006.
Ref r371 Category Tag

This Israeli ceramic vessel has a layer of red engobe which is then polished. It has a particular shape, burnished and without decorative motifs, with protrusions on the shoulders consisting of holes to introduce a rope to carry them. This type of container was used to contain some type of oil or ointment.

Although the Israelites did not originally have master potters, in this case we can see that they overcame this phase, managing to create a real work of art that is also functional. They began to give preference to red engobe and the technique of burnishing, at first done by hand, and later on with a wheel, as well as the influence and introduction of ceramics from Cyprus and the Phoenicians, or Cyprio-Phoenicians, defined by the elegance and finesse of their walls.

This historical period is characterized by the disintegration of the kingdom into two, through the so-called United Monarchy: this is a system of government divided between King David and Solomon, whose disintegration in turn will allow to mark differences between the kingdom of the north, Israel, and the kingdom of the south, Judah. This will generate notable advances from the economic and social point of view, since, being a smaller area, and therefore more controllable, the kings will demonstrate their power by undertaking magnificent constructions to beautify the cities, which in turn will generate a higher quality of life, and as a consequence, greater settlements.

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