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The ancient Egyptians believed in the afterlife, in eternal life, this belief made them keep their bodies artificially in order to reuse them in the afterlife.
When an Egyptian died he underwent embalming, a process that would result in the mummy. In a first treatment, the body was cleaned and the organs were removed through an incision made on its left side. The body was then dried with natron, a process in which the organs were also dried. When the body was finally dry and the organs preserved, they were cleaned and bandaged, applying ointments and performing magic rituals.
This is a canopic jar made of alabaster whose lid represents the head of Duamutef, the jackal. The canopic vessels were the containers that were placed in the tomb and were used to contain the viscera of the deceased when he was mummified. It was a set of four vessels whose lids represented the four sons of Horus: Kebeshenuef (falcon) for the intestines; Hapi (baboon) for the lungs; Amset (woman) for the liver; and Duamutef (jackal) for the stomach.