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Elamite bronze female figure, Iran, circa 2nd Millennium B.C.

Conservation:  Damaged (missing hand)
Material:  Bronze
Dimensions:  17,2 cm
Provenance:  UK private collection, formed in the 1970s/ Acquired at Bonhams, London, Auction, 2014
Exhibited:  Ifergan Collection, Málaga (2018-2020)


Ref bhm130 Category Tag

With stylised facial features and a pointed nose, with a long thin body, standing on a short tanged plinth, her arms raised at the side, wearing a peaked headdress.

The ancient Elam was located in the territory that today corresponds to Iran, being configured as the link between the ancient peoples of Iran and the center of Asia. Regarding the origin and race of the Elamites, it is assumed that it would be similar to that of the cultures developed in the Iranian plateau, although the only certain fact is that they would be of black race. The kingdom of Elam arose in the III millennium B.C. and became an important commercial power during the II millennium B.C., through the sale of products such as wood, clothes, aromatic plants, silver or slaves.

Nor is there much knowledge about their religious inclination, although there is evidence of the name of certain gods and that the Elamites built temples in honor of them, decorating them with representative sculptures. As an artistic center, Susa stood out, where the art of copper was essentially practiced by means of the lost wax technique. They stood out for the realization of copper axes, foundation figurines in cast bronze and seals engraved with fantasy scenes.



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