Phoenician oinochoe of glass paste with sand core, 600-400 B.C.

Material:  Glass
Conservation:  Good condition
Material:  Glass paste
Dimensions:  10,6 cm
Provenance:  Private collection, Israel, 2006Archaeological Gallery, Israel, 2006. Export authorization from the Israel Antiquities Authority No. 2921 with date 20/04/2006 / This piece is accompanied by an export certificate from the Spanish Ministry of Culture No. 2020/01673 with date 13/03/2020 and certificate of authenticity.
On request
Ref r37120 Category Tag

An oinochoe is a jug with a truncated cone body, a developed neck, with a handle on the top and a lobed mouth. Its function was to take the wine out of the crater before serving it. In this case, due to its small size it would possibly be used with a ritual function to contain ointments or perfumes. It is decorated with a pattern of black zigzag lines that run through the body of the piece.
This kind of pieces were made with a technique that already appears documented in the middle of the II Millennium, which allowed to obtain small containers with narrow mouths. It required a very specific treatment that forced the piece to be reheated several times, to later remove elements such as the strut or the sand that helped to give it the desired shape: the first step was to model a sand core and moisten it or wrap it in fabric and, from there, place the end of the strut in the crucible, thus achieving that the piece was surrounded by a layer of molten glass. The second step was to roll the piece on a flat surface to give it a shape, and then add different coloured glass threads to decorate the piece, rolling it again so that the latter would adhere to it. Then, the decoration was traced using a metal punch, until finally the additional parts were added, such as the handle, the foot or the mouth.

This type of container was used for perfumes and ointments, emphasizing its exquisiteness and the purchasing power of its users, since it was something that not all the population could access. They were widely distributed throughout the Mediterranean basin up to the Black Sea. Their use is not clearly known, although they were probably intended for funerary, symbolic use, to be introduced as an offering inside the tombs.

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