Egyptian-Philistine Terracotta Anthropomorphic Coffin Lid, Circa 1300-1200 BC
Throughout the Bronze Age, Egyptian culture greatly influenced the peoples of ancient Palestine, including the Philistines. Among the many customs borrowed from Egypt was the tradition of burying deceased individuals of high rank in coffins modelled on the human form. This anthropomorphic mask is made of terracotta covered with a thick layer of sand mortar and is oval in shape to fit the body and sarcophagus of the deceased. His face, in eternal repose, in a half-relief, contains his ears parallel to the mask, the better to hear the requests for offerings on his behalf.